The Government of Canada is proud of the results it has achieved to improve nuclear security and address the threat posed by nuclear terrorism. On March 25, 2014, Prime Minister Stephen Harper announced Canada’s ratification of the Amendment to the Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Materials, and the International Convention on the Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism, delivering on a commitment made at the 2012 Nuclear Security Summit in Seoul.
The Amendment to the Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Materials makes it legally binding for State Parties to protect nuclear facilities and material in peaceful domestic use, storage and transport. It also provides for expanded cooperation between States regarding rapid measures to locate and recover stolen or smuggled nuclear material, mitigate any radiological consequences of sabotage, and prevent and combat related offences.
The International Convention on the Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism (ICSANT) covers a broad range of criminal acts, including threats and attempts. The ICSANT further stipulates that offenders shall either be extradited or prosecuted, and encourages States to cooperate in preventing terrorist attacks by sharing information and assisting each other with criminal investigations and extradition proceedings.