Today the Prime Minister, Justin Trudeau, met with President Andrés Manuel López Obrador of Mexico and President Joseph R. Biden of the United States of America for the tenth North American Leaders’ Summit (NALS) in Mexico City. North American cooperation makes our economies more competitive, our supply chains more resilient, and our countries safer. The NALS provides an opportunity to strengthen our close ties with Mexico and the United States and advance our shared priorities for North America, including economic prosperity, sustainability, inclusiveness, and security. Building on last year’s accomplishments, the leaders are pledging to act on new initiatives across a broad range of topics that are important to North America.
Prime Minister Trudeau emphasized North American competitiveness in the context of building a sustainable, inclusive economy that will drive innovation and growth. The three countries will deepen economic cooperation, promote investment and reinforce competitiveness, innovation and resilience by:
- Organizing the first-ever trilateral semiconductor forum with industry to adapt government policies and increase investment in semiconductor supply chains across North America. Participation will include senior industry representatives and cabinet level participation from Canada, Mexico and the United States in 2023.
- Coordinating semiconductor supply chain mapping efforts to develop a collective understanding of supply gaps. This mapping with all the three countries will identify complementary investment opportunities.
- Developing a North American Critical Minerals Resource Map and organizing a trilateral workshop to share data and facilitate cooperation. As the global economy pivots to the increasing demand for sustainable energy, so will the demand for critical minerals, which Canada has in abundance.
- Promoting sustainable, inclusive jobs and developing the workforce to meet our climate commitments by leveraging resources and other necessary instruments to facilitate a just and equitable transition.
- Convening industry and academic experts in semiconductors, ICT, biomanufacturing, and other key advanced manufacturing and logistics industries for design sessions on the skills required to develop the workforce North America will need over the next five years.
- Increasing student mobility in North America by expanding the 100K Strong in the Americas Innovation Fund to include the North America Student Mobility Project. North American higher education institutions will compete as trilateral groups for grants that align with NALS priorities.
Recognizing the increasing urgency to address climate change, the three leaders committed to take rapid, coordinated, and ambitious measures to build clean energy economies and combat the climate crisis by:
- Reducing methane emissions in the waste sector by at least 15% from 2020 levels by 2030, and continuing to reduce methane and black carbon emissions in North America.
- Developing informational tools to inform transit agencies worldwide, notably in developing countries, on how to decarbonize buses with an emphasis on lifecycle analysis and electric infrastructure.
- Establishing a plan for operating standards and installation of electric vehicle (EV) chargers on either side of the three countries’ borders to ensure a seamless EV charging transition from country to country.
- Furthering trilateral cooperation to meet the joint commitments to conserve 30% of the world's land and ocean area by 2030 and to advance Indigenous-led conservation through existing mechanisms, and in line with the Kunming-Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework.
- Committing to trilateral discussions on the potential for developing a North American hydrogen market, including potential cooperation on research and development, safety codes, and standards. Hydrogen will be an essential part of North America energy mix in a net-zero future.
- Acknowledging the importance of the social cost of greenhouse gas (SC-GHG) estimates when developing future policies and engaging on technical best practices in applying SC-GHG estimates to inform ongoing ambitious NDC implementation.
The three leaders committed to remove the barriers faced by historically marginalized members of our societies by promoting racial equity, diversity and inclusion:
- Working alongside communities with lived experience of racism to share best practices, exchange information, and collaborate on joint initiatives, through the North American Partnership for Racial Equity and Inclusion.
- Supporting the convening of Indigenous women leaders from all three countries to discuss priorities and best practices, including in areas of political, economic, and social development, and to develop recommendations for the three governments.
- Combatting violence against Indigenous women and girls through support for the trilateral working group, which provides an essential platform to discuss shared challenges and opportunities for empowerment and healing.
- Continuing to combat violence against LGBTQI+ individuals, by working together to expand membership within the Americas to the Equal Rights Coalition and the UN LGBTQI+ Core Group.
- Welcoming Mexico to join Canada and the United States as a member of the Global Partnership for Action on Gender-Based Online Harassment and Abuse, a commitment from the first Summit for Democracy to address technology-facilitated gender-based violence.
On the occasion of the six-month anniversary of the adoption of the Los Angeles Declaration on Migration and Protection, the leaders of North America reaffirmed their commitment to work together to achieve safe, orderly, and regular migration in the region by:
- Pledging to advance trilateral cooperation on development by finalizing and implementing the trilateral Extending Development Partnerships Action Plan with practical measures to improve coordination and address the root causes of irregular migration.
- Promoting and sharing information on regular migration pathways and programs, and explore how a common virtual platform for migrants to gain information on certain regular legal pathways to all three North American countries could be developed.
- Canada and the U.S. will collaborate with Mexico's joint initiative with UNHCR for the creation and operation of the Centro Frontera Inteligente. The new center will be located in Tapachula, Chiapas, with the primary goal of supporting refugees by bringing them support in terms of documentation, socio-economic integration, protection.
- Canada and Mexico sharing best practices with the U.S. with respect to the binational Seasonal Agricultural Workers Program.
- Sharing best practices and strengthening protection systems in the Americas to help increase promptness, efficiency, and fairness to ensure that eligible individuals are promptly granted relief or protection.
- Pledging to counter xenophobia and discrimination against migrants and refugees by promoting balanced public narratives that support their meaningful inclusion in the region through participation in the "It Takes a Community" global social media campaign and co-hosting a virtual event featuring communications experts from North America.
Building on the lessons learned from the COVID-19 pandemic, the leaders committed to work together to strengthen regional prevention, preparedness and response to future health crises by:
- Revising the North American Plan for Animal and Pandemic Influenza (NAPAPI), to strengthen North America's coordination to respond to health security threats under a revised flexible and cross-sectoral NAPAPI framework.
To foster a stable and secure business environment, Canada, Mexico, and the United States committed to coordinate strategies to prevent and combat shared threats by:
- Restarting the Trilateral Working Group on Trafficking in Persons as the main forum to enhance collaboration and share best practices related to efforts to combat trafficking in persons. This could include soliciting proposals for collaboration in identifying and disrupting the proceeds of and corruption related to human trafficking.
- Continuing collaboration within the North American Drug Dialogue (NADD) under an updated strategic framework to address illegal drug threats and strengthen public health approaches to substance use. This will be achieved through continued information sharing, convening a trilateral Public Health Summit, and the holding the 7th edition of the NADD.
- Building on the agreement from the previous NALS to reaffirm the trilateral endorsement of the International Civil Aviation Organization’s Standards and Recommended Practices for the collection, storage, use, sharing and retention of Passenger Name Record data.
- Collaborating to advance nuclear security and safety in North America by convening trilateral nuclear forensics workshops to expand technical capacity to trace nuclear materials, and planning a trilateral nuclear security incident response tabletop exercise.
- Convening a roundtable for policy experts and public servants to discuss cyber security policy and to share information on cyber security best practices.
- Countering child sex exploitation in North America by creating a working group to discuss and collectively identify best practices, challenges, solutions, and trainings, as well as potential areas for action.
- Collaborating on emergency management through trilateral training and exercises related to evacuation of vulnerable populations and by promoting gender equity in emergency management.